The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947, is an endeavour on the part of the government to
regulate industrial relations in India. This legislation is designed to ensure industrial
peace by recourse to a given procedure and machinery for investigation and
settlement of industrial disputes. Its main objective is to provide for a just and
equitable settlement of disputes by negotiations, conciliation, mediation, voluntary
arbitration and compulsory adjudication instead of by trial of strength through
strikes and lockouts.
As state governments are free to have their own labour legislation, a few
states like Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Maharashtra have
their own legislations for settlement of industrial disputes in their respective states.
The Uttar Pradesh legislation is known as the Uttar Pradesh Industrial Disputes Act,
1947, and that of other states as Industrial Relations Act. In these states the
Industrial Disputes Act is applicable to industries not covered by the state